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SPEAKERS: Keilyn Toma, Saki Ohara, Maika Sato, Sayaka Yamashita

In a world that is increasingly experiencing the deadly effects of natural disasters, it is imperative that the process of recovery after such events is efficient, effective and sustainable. Japan, having been hit with some of the world’s most damaging natural disasters, is a country with extensive experience in dealing with such events and the recovery process that follows. That is why we felt that it was appropriate to discuss the issues of efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability by assessing the recovery process of Japanese cities. Ishinomaki City, located in the eastern province of Miyagi, was one of the most damaged areas during the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. Through surveys and interviews of victims and those in charge of recovery, as well as an analysis of recovery plans, we were able to gain a holistic understanding of the problems presented during recovery. We assessed the care given by the government and other institutions after the natural disaster, but also assessed the recovery of the city’s economy and infrastructure in accordance to government plans. We used this information to better the recovery plans presented by the government, but also applied the information to help other countries in similar situations.